Sullivan & Cromwell is the leading international law firm involved in sovereign financings and liability management transactions in Latin America.
S&C has been a pioneer in developing legal techniques to increase the feasibility and efficiency of transactions for sovereign borrowers in Latin America, including the development of the Brady bonds and the collective action clause in 2002 as part of a G-10 working group. S&C has continued to take a central role in the evolution of the collective action and pari passu clauses and their successful adaptation for the US market.
Today the Firm acts as designated underwriters' counsel for sovereign financings and liability management transactions by Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Panama, as well as the Central American Bank for Economic Integration and Fondo Latinoamericano de Reservas.
S&C issuer clients include the Republic of Paraguay and multinational issuer Corporación Andina de Fomento.
SELECTED REPRESENTATIONSSelected Sullivan & Cromwell Latin America sovereign finance matters include:
- Republic of Argentina, where S&C represented the international dealer managers in Argentina’s 2005 exchange offer resulting in SEC-registered bonds totaling $82 billion.
- Federative Republic of Brazil, where S&C represented the underwriters in bonds totaling more than $57 billion.
- Republic of Colombia, where S&C represented the underwriters in bonds totaling more than $45 billion.
The transactions include Colombia’s 2010 offering of TES Bonds due 2021, which was awarded "Best Local Currency Financing" by LatinFinance.
- Republic of Ecuador, where S&C represented the underwriters in $650 million in unregistered debt.
- United Mexican States, where S&C represented the underwriters in bonds totaling more than $126 billion.
- Republic of Panama, where S&C represented the underwriters in bonds totaling more than $21 billion.
The transactions include Panama’s largest-ever global bond offering with the lowest coupon rate in its history.
- Republic of Paraguay, where S&C represented the issuer in bonds totaling more than $3 billion, including its debut Rule 144A offering of $500 million.
- Republic of Peru, where S&C represented the underwriters in bonds totaling more than $4 billion.
- Ministry of Finance of Belize, in a consent solicitation to the holders of Belize’s “superbond” held by foreign investors, seeking to allow the capitalization of the next three interest payments to focus resources in addressing health and economic issues resulting from the outbreak of COVID-19.
- Central Bank of Belize, in connection with the liquidation of Atlantic International Bank.
- Banco Central de la República Argentina (BCRA), in repurchase transactions involving three series of BONAR sovereign bonds with a group of seven international banks, increasing BCRA’s USD cash reserves by $5 billion; and subsequently in the early repurchase of such transactions, and in entering into new repurchase transactions for $1 billion.
- The Interim Government and the National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, in connection with the future restructuring of Venezuela’s external debt and the debt of certain of its state-owned instrumentalities.
- Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI), in which S&C represented the underwriters, in several Rule 144A MTN offerings totaling more than $1 billion.
- Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF), in which S&C represented the issuer, in which S&C represented the issuer, in SEC-registered and unregistered offerings totaling more than $15 billion.
These transactions include CAF’s establishment and update of its A/B loan program, its SEC-registered shelf in the United States, its medium-term note program in Europe, and its largest-ever offering.
- Fondo Latinoamericano de Reservas (FLAR), in unregistered bonds totaling $400 million, in which S&C advised the underwriters.
- Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), in unregistered debt offerings totaling more than $25 billion, in which S&C acted for the underwriters.
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, in issuing $1.36 billion in “catastrophe bonds” designed to provide Mexico, Chile, Colombia and Peru with protection against financial losses from earthquakes. This matter is the largest sovereign risk insurance transaction to date, the second-largest issuance in the history of the catastrophe bond market and the first time that Chile, Colombia, and Peru have accessed the capital markets to obtain insurance for natural disasters. The transaction brought the total amount of catastrophe bond transactions facilitated by IBRD, and advised by S&C, to nearly $4 billion.
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, in issuing $360 million in “catastrophe bonds” to provide Mexico with protection against financial losses from earthquakes, Atlantic- and Pacific-named storms.
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, in issuing $320 million “catastrophe bonds” to provide funding to the Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility (PEF), a facility designed to channel surge funding for response efforts to help prevent rare, high-severity disease outbreaks from becoming more deadly and costly pandemics. The issuance of the Pandemic Notes marks the first time that catastrophe bonds have been used to finance response efforts to infectious diseases, and the first time that pandemic risk has been transferred to the financial markets. The issuance was oversubscribed by 200%, reflecting an overwhelmingly positive reception from investors and a high level of confidence in the unique World Bank-sponsored instrument, enabling the World Bank to price the Pandemic Notes well below the original guidance from the market. Recognized as IFLR Americas’ 2018 Securitisation and Structured Finance Deal of the Year.
- Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex), in which S&C represented the underwriters in Rule 144A/Reg. S bond offerings totaling more than $33 billion.